Writing Cru Splash

Writing Cru Resources

Writing an Essay

“This handout provides definitions and examples of the two main types of abstracts: descriptive and informative. It also provides...
This page describes how to write great body paragraphs that include transitions, topic sentences, evidence, and a brief wrap-up sentence.
"This handout will explain the functions of conclusions, offer strategies for writing effective ones, help you evaluate your drafted...
This page describes how to strengthen your thesis statement for your paper and provides several examples.
Explains what should be in an introduction and gives an example introduction paragraph.
Focuses on pre-writing strategies. It talks about making a plan based on the assignment and when the due date is. 
This page describes how to make a reverse outline of your essay to help you when making revisions for your organization, flow, and strength...
Shows the "umbrella" visual for thesis statements and also has pages on: "What is a thesis statement, How to write a thesis statement,...
Describes different parts of the writing process with pages on: pre-writing, thesis, paragraphing, organization, grammar & mechanics,...
Gives a detailed list of the words that can help transition between ideas in an essay.
Shows how to revise choppy transitions between paragraphs into smooth transitions that show your reader how the ideas of each paragraph...
Avoiding Repetitive Paragraphs: This contains just a few ideas to help a writer avoid repeating thoughts within their work. This list is...
This handout can help you narrow the topic for your essay to be more specific and arguable.
This page provides various methods for organizing and structuring a paper. It describes how to organize your thoughts, sketch and outline...
This page provides a style sheet, displaying a brief description of how to organize your paper,based on the discipline you are in. It...
Words all carry their own definitions and connotations. They can make up many different parts of a sentence based on placement and function...

Writing for Specific Contexts

This handout describes things that you might want to include in your annotated bibliography and some examples of what this will look like...
This resource describes the sections of grants and includes a diagram of the grant process.
This resource breaks proposals down into sections and explains each part. 
This source describes what a literature review is and breaks it down into steps. It also has links to other resources that could be helpful...
Describes some hints from a business expert on how to write a management report and what to do for different sections.
This page gives details on different sections for a student evaluation and describes why these are used.
This page details the basics of how to write a résumé and what to include in one and also links you to pages answering in further detail...
This page introduces you to memos, and there are also pages that describe the parts of the memo and what to include in them, the format of...
Lab Report Guide: "This handout provides a general guide to writing reports about scientific research you’ve performed. In addition to...
This page describes what to include in a cover letter, how to format it, and how to make yours great. You can also visit Career Services...
Describes the format for a business letter and what to include in each section. If you click “next resource’ on the bottom right of the...
This handout goes over how to write a concert review, both what you should pay attention to while at the concert and what you should think...

Grammar

Shows a quick chart to help determine which article to use in different contexts and has other hints and examples to help further explain.
This is a blog described as: "Your friendly guide to the world of grammar, punctuation, usage, and fun developments in the English language...
This handout covers several ways to improve your sentences in your papers so that they are more descriptive while also being less wordy.
Of
Explanation of the preposition "of" including its different uses and lots of example sentences. 
Easy to use quizzes that cover articles, conjunctions, reading comprehension, plurals, prepositions, pronouns, sentence structure, verbs,...
This page describes some issues that you might have with matching the subject of the sentence to the verb of the sentence and how to...
This is a quick reference guide for some of the most common sentence-level errors people make on their papers. You can use it as a guide to...
Description of how to choose which article to use. Has examples and is somewhat visual, but is a little long to read. 
This resource defines acitve and passive voice, gives examples of each, and describes how to choose between them.
Basic rules of capitalization with some specifications of when these rules change for different styles.
This handout gives you methods and examples of how to convert your paper to third person. (Take out "I," "you," and "we" from your paper).
This handout has several techniques to help you take out to be verbs from your writing.
This resource helps with creating complete sentences. It first explains why a fragment is a fragment (it's missing the subject, verb, and/...
This page names each verb tense in English and gives examples of them. It also describes in more detail the perfect tenses.
Words all carry their own definitions and connotations. They can make up many different parts of a sentence based on placement and function...
This handout describes the different types of modifier errors that you might make in your paper with examples of each type. It then...

Punctuation

Clearly but concisely explains, in both formal terms and thorough description of the terms, when and how to use commas in different common...
This page lists several examples of essential and non-essential phrases, comparing them in a way that clarifies the concept much better...
This website gives explanations and examples for how to correctly use colons, semicolons, commas, dashes, and apostrophes.
Semicolons Semicolons (;) act as both periods and commas. They work as periods because they are used after a complete thought; they work as...
  Ellipses . . . “Ellipsis” is singular, while “ellipses” is plural.          ...

Resources for Non-Native English Speakers

Explanations for verb tenses, confusing parts of speech, adjectives, propositions, articles, modifiers, and other parts of speech. 
Has some great exercises that you could either work through. There are pages describing specifics such as verb tenses, articles,...

Resumes and Applications

Resumes need to stand out and show your personality while staying professional, especially if you are looking for a graphic design job. The...
This page details the basics of how to write a résumé and what to include in one and also links you to pages answering in further detail...
This website has examples of resumes from recent graduates from a variety of majors.
This page describes what to include in a cover letter, how to format it, and how to make yours great. You can also visit Career Services...
This process is challenging, but with a little help you can really shine as a candidate. You can come to the Writing Center make sure that...
This is a detailed guide to writing a resume for a Christian Studies related career. It describes how ministerial resumes are different...
A guide specifically designed to help teachers create resumes with guidelines for content and style as well as examples of resumes. 
This resource has several examples of resumes for people with sports backgrounds and has a list of action words to use in a resume.
These are six resume examples of recent college graduates from the JWU college of business. The introduction advises to use them as...
A webpage with links to guides and examples for writing cover letters and résumés for nursing in various specialties.

Research-based Writing

This resource has several examples of academic phrases that you can use in different scenarios that might come up in research papers....
This page discusses how to write an analysis of a scholarly article including what to look for when reading one and how to write the...
This page covers tips on how to write a paper for a conference or other presentation. There are also additional useful links at the bottom.
This source describes what a literature review is and breaks it down into steps. It also has links to other resources that could be helpful...
This page describes what should be included in a research poster and gives an example of a good and bad one, explaining why they are...
This resource contains links to sample literature reviews, as well as links that discuss how to write literature reviews.
Although this guide is designed for social sciences, it covers how to write a paper that follows the same format and structure as those for...
Gives tips on how to present your findings at a conference including how to plan and what to include in your PowerPoint.
Our library’s guide for writing an annotated bibliography. It details what to include in one and links to pages with more tips and examples.
Our library’s guide for using SPSS, a statistical data analysis program installed on all university computers.
This page covers how to write a research essay, including how to pick your topic, find your sources, organize your paper, and write each...

Proposals

This page details how to write a scientific proposal with the typical introduction, methods, results and discussion sections. It also links...
This resource describes the sections of grants and includes a diagram of the grant process.
This resource breaks proposals down into sections and explains each part.
This webpage gives details on how to specifically write an NIH grant, but it also gives general tips on writing research grants and details...

Professional Correspondence

This page, along with the subsequent three pages on the site, covers how to write a donation request letter. It covers the sections to...
This handout describes how to write a letter to the editor so that it has a strong opinion and message. There are links to the guidelines...
This page describes how to write a professional thank you letter, with both general advice and specific elements to include in each section...
This page has some general information about reference letters and then discusses what to include in one and what to avoid. There are three...
This page describes the format for a business letter and what to include in each section. If you click “next resource’ on the bottom right...

Reviews and Critiques

This handout describes what a book review is and how to write a good one. It also has short examples from reviews and describes the...
This handout goes over how to write a concert review, both what you should pay attention to while at the concert and what you should think...
This is the description form a professor on how to write a music critique. There is a lot of general advice about what to include in a...
This handout discusses the steps to writing a film review including what to look for while viewing the film and what to include in each...
Tips from professional children’s book reviewers on what they look for when reviewing children’s literature.
This handout has tips on how to write an analysis of a book or movie. It has tips on what to look for as you are viewing/reading the piece...
This handout covers what to do before, during, and after watching a performance to write an effective review. It has suggested sections for...
Our library’s guide for writing and finding critical book reviews. The page describes points to keep in mind while writing your review and...

English, Language, and Communication

This handout describes the main differences between prose and poetry to help writers while they analyze each.
This page is an overview of the writing that you will do for foreign language courses and courses studying foreign literature. It describes...
This handout describes the important aspects of writing about literature, including typical audiences, types of papers written, types of...
This page describes the steps for writing about poetry, including what to look for while reading the poem, actions to take to better...
This handout describes how to write about comics and graphic novels, including details about what to look for and how to analyze various...
This handout goes through the different components of a literary analysis paper with tips on how to best write one. It also briefly...
This handout describes how to analyze meter and rhythm in poetry and how to write different section of your analysis. It also has an...
This handout describes how different types of courses in communications will require you to write. It also goes through basic steps of...
This resource goes over the elements of journalism and the steps required to craft journaistic writing.
This resource provides dos and don'ts, an overview of AP formatting, media ethics and the "inverted pyramid" style of writing.  
This blog provides tips for freelance writers who are interested in writing for magazines. 
This handout goes over the basics of writing about film and it covers the different genres one can write about film in. 
This is a more detailed guide to film analysis that has detailed sections on basic terms, misc-en-scene, cinematography, editing, sound,...
This is a guide for writing a detailed film analysis paper. It discusses how to analyze and write about image, movement, and sound.
This pages discusses the typical conventions of screen- and play-writing and key terms to use to describe how it should be filmed or acted...
This handout discusses how to write a speech that is easily understandable and keeps your audience interested.
This page discusses important aspects of writing for the web and for a web-based audience. 
This page describes what a blog is, tips for writing a blog post,  how to include multimedia and hyperlinks, how to maintain a...
This handout is an overview of helpful information for creative writing. It includes definitions of common elements, questions to ask...
Once a publishing house expresses interest in publishing a book, they will request an official book proposal. This handout covers the...
When you are first working towards getting a book, newspaper, or magazine article published, you will often have to send query letters out...

Social Sciences

This page discusses some tips for writing in psychology including how to reduce bias in your writing. It also goes through common writing...
This page discusses common practices and conventions of writing in sociology as well as tips for some common writing assignments for this...
This page covers types of writing often assigned in this discipline, types of evidence that is used in writing, and conventions associated...
This page has links to pages on several disciplines, including a great one for social work. It discusses common conventions of the...
This page offers a possible outline for writing a policy analysis and some tips on what to include in one.

Rhetoric and Composition

These are resources to address the list of diagnostic concerns for composition classes. Grammar (Especially Punctuation and Using...
These are resources to address the list of diagnostic concerns for developmental English classes. Subject and Verb Agreement Subject-Verb...

Citing Your Sources and Formatting Your Paper

This is just a basic guide. For more information, we recommend using the Purdue OWL.       MLA In-text citation: (...
This source can help you with tricky MLA references.
Includes information on formatting your paper, citing in-text, creating your works cited page, and an example essay that follows all these...
Includes information on formatting your paper, citing in-text, creating your references page, and an example essay that follows all these...
This is a post from the APA website on how to create an APA reference when you are missing information.
This page shows the Chicago style, which is the same as Turabian as of the 16th edition of the Chicago Manual of Style. This page includes...
This site will show you how to cite any source in Chicago or Turabian format. It is exceptionally easy to navigate and find examples for...
This is a page that shows you how to cite sources and create a reference page in ACS. ACS does not dictate formatting guidelines.
This is a PowerPoint that is a great summary of how to write in AP style including how to credit your sources.
This page covers how to cite sources in CSE with several examples.
This handbook covers how to cite and format a paper in CSE style. It also has sample papers demonstrating proper formatting.
The complete formatting and citation style guide for the American Political Science Association (APSA).
The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) style is a format for writing research papers, commonly used in technical...
This video describes the different ways you can include information from others in your papers the different ways you can include...
This page describes how to paraphrase sources appropriately and gives examples of both correct and incorrect ways to do this.

History and Political Sciences

This page introduces the types of writing typical in history and has some general advice for different writing assignments. It also defines...
This page discusses the types of writing done in political science with tips for writing for specific assignments, definitions of key terms...
This handout describes the steps for how to write a persuasive essay by selecting a topic, deciding on a position, supporting your thesis,...
This handout will define what an argument is an explain why you need one in most of your academic essays.
This page is a general guide for writing a research essay for political science. The page discusses beginning the writing process, the...
This handout describes the purpose of political theory writing, interpreting the political theory text, and one professor’s requirements...
This page offers a possible outline for writing a policy analysis and some tips on what to include in one.
This handout provides tips on how to write about a legal case, both what to include in the summary and tips on what writing style to use in...
Our library’s guide to writing a history research paper. There are pages to help you with getting started, doing research, writing the...
This page discusses the priorities for writing an effective analytical and interpretive essay for history. It outlines how to address these...
Our library’s guide to writing a historiography paper with detailed steps and tips to follow to help you write a great paper.
This handout discusses how to use oral histories as evidence in a history paper. There are suggestions for how to conduct your interview...
This handout discusses how to write a speech that is easily understandable and keeps your audience interested.

Christian Studies

This is a blog post that discusses how to improve writing as a pastor and why these skills are important.
This handout discusses writing in religious studies, which is the secular study of religions as a whole. Obviously this is different than...
This is a detailed guide to writing a resume for a Christian Studies related career. It describes how ministerial resumes are different...
This page describes eight step to writing an effective exegetical sermon. There is also a list of published books with sermons in them for...
This handout describes what an exegesis paper is, and how to write one, according to Covenant Theological Center.
This entire website is dedicated to describing how to write an exegesis, complete with advice, research guidance, hints on where to find...
This page shows some example newsletters and has tips on how to write effectively. Many churches and non-profit organizations use...
This page goes through the logistical steps of how to create your own newsletter template in Microsoft Word. It also has some dos and don’...
This is just one sample of a church newsletter, but you can compare it to those from your own church or other organizations you are in for...
This is an example of a letter written to gather support for a mission trip to Nicaragua.
This is a post with some great recommendation about how to write a support letter that has a great return on support.
This post describes the importance of writing a thank you letter to donors and how to write one that will make them happy to donate again...
This handout describes ethos, pathos, and logos and gives advice on how to use these rhetorical forms to write a rhetorical analysis.

Exercise and Sport Science

This handout covers the conventions of writing for physical therapy, including the SOAP method for documenting treatment sessions.
This handout covers the types of writing, the evidence used, and the common writing conventions of writing in business.
This handout describes the types of writing that students will encounter while taking courses to prepare them for careers in recreation...
This resource has several examples of resumes for people with sports backgrounds and has a list of action words to use in a resume.
This webpage was written by an educator that developed a plan for integrating writing into a physical education curriculum. The page...
Part of sports management writing is learning how to approve and sometimes even write sports media. This page covers tips from successful...
This is an example of a complete sponsorship proposal for the Gold Coast Junior Rugby League. It includes general information from the...
This handout provides tips on how to write about a legal case, both what to include in the summary and tips on what writing style to use in...
This is a blog post on the US Small Business administration website that covers tips on writing a marketing plan.
This is a sample of a detailed marketing plan with descriptions and hints for each section of the plan.
This is the American Physical Therapy Association’s official guidelines for writing physical therapy documentation of patient/client...
This page is covers tips on how to write about health for the public market. It has useful tips about how to recognize our audience and...
This page describes the SOAP format for taking patient notes and what you should include in your notes for each part of the anagram. 
This is another brief guide for writing SOAP notes with an example at the bottom of the page.

Natural Sciences

This handout describes some of the practices of writing in the sciences such as making your writing precise, clear, and objective (passive...
This defines science writing, or writing about science for non-technical audiences. It briefly describes why this is important and what it...
"This handout provides a general guide to writing reports about scientific research you’ve performed. In addition to describing the...
This is an example published journal article detailing findings of experiments done in chemistry.
This page shows three example lab reports with each section of a typical lab report included as well as appropriate “literature cited”...
This handout describes some basic rules for writing in mathematics, such as writing complete sentences, using good examples, using words to...
This YouTube video covers how to write in mathematics so that it is neat, easily understood, and follows discipline practices.
This handout covers how to write proofs, what to include in them, and several examples of what this looks like.
This page covers the basic conventions and sections of a proof. It also has an example of a proof written poorly and then how to make it...
This is a pdf of Fermat’s last theorem. It is over 100 pages and it is a great example of the importance of learning to write an organized...

Business

This handout covers the types of writing, the evidence used, and the common writing conventions of writing in business.
This page has the key terms, common writing assignments, and tips on the writing process for writing in economics. It is part of a seminar...
This page has information on writing in marketing including common writing assignments, key terms to use, and additional resources. *This...
This page discusses the important elements of writing in accounting, typical writing assignments in accounting and tips on how to face them...
These are six resume examples of recent college graduates from the JWU college of business. The introduction advises to use them as...
This is a guide for writing a business plan from the US Small Business Administration. There are detailed pages on how to write each...
This is a gallery of over 500 sample business plans in a variety of categories.
This is a blog post on the US Small Business administration website that covers tips on writing a marketing plan.
This is a sample of a detailed marketing plan with descriptions and hints for each section of the plan.
This page introduces you to memos, and there are also pages that describe the parts of the memo and what to include in them, the format of...
This is an example of constructive criticism with the sections labeled and additional advice in the margins.
This page goes over guidelines for writing business reports and memos and also provides examples. 
This page describes some hints from a business expert on how to write a management report and what to do for different sections.
This page contains guidelines for writing a case analysis. 
This page covers how to prepare for an industry analyses and what to include in writing your report. It also has tips on how to incorporate...
This page has tips on what to include in a market analyses and how to best communicate to your audience.

Education

This page covers the types of writing you will have to do in education, the types of evidence used for writing in the discipline, writing...
This page discusses why it is important for education major to develop their writing skills and lists goals future teachers should have for...
This page goes through typical things that teachers have to write and gives some general tips for each of them including report cards,...
A guide specifically designed to help teachers create resumes with guidelines for content and style as well as examples of resumes. 
This is the U.S. Department of Education’s guide on IEPs. It covers what the steps are to an IEP and how it is carried out. There is a...
This page covers six essential guidelines for writing an IEP and how to best write one so that the document identifies the long-term and...
This page goes into great detail with all the steps to creating and implementing an IEP. It has some background knowledge of the legal...
This resource covers basic guidelines of what to include in a lesson plan. It also has a sample lesson plan format.
This is an example of an in-depth case study of a second-grade student.
This page has links to resources on writing a wide variety of letters that teachers might need to write, including letters to parents,...
This page discusses the purposes of teaching philosophies and provides general formatting suggestions that will help education students...
This page gives some hints on how to write effective report card comments. It discusses why this can be hard for teachers and how to...
This page describes how to write a letter to all parents at the beginning of the school year. It has general tips as well as an example...

Visual and Performing Arts

This handout describes common types of writing in music, types of evidence used in music papers, common writing conventions for the...
This handout features common types of music assignments and offers strategies and resources for writing them.
This page describes the steps for writing a music history paper from choosing your topic to completing your final revisions.
This handout describes how to write about comics and graphic novels, including details about what to look for and how to analyze various...
This page has advice on writing program notes for a concert, including tips on length, content, style, and other helpful websites.
This is a blog post by a music consultant where she give tips on writing a music bio and how to make it work for you. The title says that...
This handout describes common types of art writing assignments, types of evidence used in art papers, and common terms to know.
This is a more detailed handout about writing for art history. It describes different types of assignments in art history and how to...
This handout describes what elements to look at while analyzing paintings and how to describe these features in academic papers.
This handout describes the different elements to look for when analyzing photography and how to write an analysis according to common...
This page describes the different aspects to consider while writing an artist’s statement and has links to other resources to help you...
This is a website created to help artists with business aspects of their work. This page has suggestions of where to look to find artists’...
This is a worksheet to help you organize your thoughts to write an organized and detailed comparison essay.
This handout discusses how to write a visual analysis, the basic unit of art historical writing. It describes the actions to take while...
This is a blogpost by a graphic designer on the importance of writing in the industry, what designers write about, and how writing can make...

Nursing

This is a genreal guide for writing in nursing, both academically and professionally. It lists common assignments, evidence used, writing...
Another writing center’s page with suggested books and websites to help with nursing related writing.
Tips for writing as a professional nurse: be precise, be objective, and remember your critical audience. This page goes through these tips...
This webpage covers why it is important to keep a journal in first-year nursing and tips on what to include in one.
A webpage with links to guides and examples for writing cover letters and résumés for nursing in various specialties.
This website has examples of four different types of article analyses: Analysis Using Three Viewpoints, Analysis of Four Arguments,...